Fes el Bali (Old Fes) is the oldest walled part of Fez. Fez el Bali was founded as the capital of the Idrisid dynasty between 789 and 808. The University of Al Quaraouiyine founded in 859, is the oldest and still functioning university in the world, Fes el Bali, with a total population of 156,000 is also believed to be the biggest car-free urban area in the world.
The Madrasa Bou Inania is a school in Fez, founded by Abu Inan Faris and is acknowledged to be an excellent example of Marinid architecture.
The name Bou Inania (Bū ‘Ināniya) comes from the first part of the sultan’s name Abou Inan. The medersa functioned both as an educational institute and as a congregational mosque..
The Bab Bou Jeloud (or Bab Boujeloud, English: The Blue Gate) is a gate that leads to the old medina, Fes el Bali, in the city of Fez.
Surrounded by high walls, the Pasha Baghdadi square connects the old medina with Fez el-Jedid. On one side of the square, you can reach Bab Bou Jeloud, a beautiful monumental gate built in 1913 and on the other side of the square you find the main entrance to Fez el-Bali.